Cymbopogon citratus


Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citrates) is a member of the Poaceae family and is also known as fever grass, citronella grass, silky heads, barbed wire grass, lemongrass, Hierba Luisa, cha de Dartigalongue, Gavati Chaha, and several other common names. This perennial genus consists of approximately 55 distinct grass species. Lemongrass is native to India but has naturalised in a number of tropical, warm, and temperate regions around the globe. This plant grows abundantly in the wild; however, it is also cultivated in Chennai (India), Malay, and the West Indies. This genus is used extensively for medicinal, culinary, and other purposes. It has a citrus flavour and can be utilised in fresh, dried, powdered, and crushed forms.

Lemongrass is commonly used in teas, curries, and soups, but its anti-fungal properties make it useful in aromatherapy and other forms of therapy. This plant is high in vitamin C and antioxidants and, as a result, is excellent at combating diseases in the human body. It is commonly used to treat fevers, colds, and coughs, and is also beneficial for skin health and lowering blood cholesterol levels. Additionally, it is an effective preservative. In addition, this plant's potent aroma makes it an effective insect repellent.


During the months of July to January, the essential oil contained within lemongrass can be extracted via distillation. 100 kilogram of lemongrass can yield 21 kilograms of essential oil. In fact, lemongrass essential oil is one of the most widely produced essential oils in the world, with over 2,000 tonnes distilled annually. The oil has a sherry-like hue and a strong lemon-like aroma.


As previously mentioned, 55 plant species belong to the genus Cymbopogon and the family Poaceae. All of these species are perennial and can thrive in both tropical and temperate climates. The dried lemongrass of this species is utilised in teas, soups, and curries in numerous regions of the world. The plant belonging to this genus was given the name lemongrass because of its lemon or citrus flavour. However, lemongrass does not have a sour flavour. In contrast, it has a mild and sweet flavour.


The essential oil contained within lemongrass is extracted by distilling the plant, particularly the Eastern Indian and West Indian varieties. As previously stated, the oil extracted from plants belonging to this genus possesses numerous therapeutic properties, including antibacterial, astringent, and nervous system-soothing properties. This essential oil is commonly used to treat headaches, depression, and even jet lag.


Despite the fact that lemongrass is still associated with its country of origin, India, the plant now grows naturally in other regions of Asia, South America, and Africa. This plant typically produces long, slender leaves that reach a height of one to three metres (three to five feet) (1.5 meters). The essential oil is derived from the plant's leaves. In reality, lemongrass essential oil is extracted via steam distillation. The steam distillation process involves boiling the plants and then condensing the vapour to collect the essential oil. After obtaining the lemongrass essential oil, it is concentrated into a highly potent form. The colour of lemongrass essential oil can range from deep yellow to amber and has a typically watery appearance. Lemongrass essential oil has a distinct lemon-like aroma and is generally considered to be invigorating.


Chemical analysis of the essential oil of lemongrass has revealed that the chemical compounds contained by this plant vary depending on the plant species from which it was extracted. All species of lemongrass plants have been found to contain the chemical compound citral. Citral is the principal constituent of the lemongrass plant and plays the most important role in the production of this aromatic essential oil. This chemical is highly anti-microbial, which explains why lemongrass oil is widely used to treat contagious conditions such as athlete's foot.


In addition to its medicinal properties that are effective in treating a variety of conditions, lemongrass essential oil is an essential component in soaps and perfumes primarily for aesthetic purposes. When applied topically to the skin or utilised in a steamer, this oil helps treat oily skin and fight acne. In addition, lemongrass essential oil is an ingredient in lotions and massage oils and is applied topically to the skin to eliminate cellulite (lumpy fat deposits, especially in the thighs and buttocks). Lemongrass is also prized for its deodorant qualities, which help combat excessive perspiration and foul odour.


Numerous scientific studies have confirmed that lemongrass essential oil is extremely beneficial for the human body, as it provides numerous health benefits. This oil protects the body from ailments such as flatulence, athlete's foot, colds, fevers, and muscle pain. In addition, the essential oil extracted from the long leaves of this genus' plants is extremely beneficial for treating skin conditions such as acne and maintaining healthy skin. However, lemongrass essential oil may be the most effective treatment available for excessive sweating.

The best aspect of lemongrass essential oil is that it is non-toxic and non-hazardous. However, this does not imply that caution is unnecessary when using this essential oil. In fact, lemongrass essential oil is known to irritate the skin, particularly when applied in excess or at high concentrations. Those prone to allergies are especially susceptible to developing sensitivity to this oil. In addition, it is not recommended that pregnant women apply this oil topically.


The benefits provided by lemongrass essential oil far outweigh the oil's aesthetic appeal. Lemongrass essential oil is valued for its effects on the nervous system. This oil is recommended by many herbal medicine practitioners to those suffering from depression, nervous anxiety, and even jet lag. This essential oil is also commonly used to combat colds and bring down fever temperatures. When using this oil for any of the aforementioned purposes, bamboo vaporisers or oil burners are recommended.


To obtain lemongrass essential oil, you must first dehydrate the plant's leaves and then subject them to steam distillation. The chemical analysis of lemongrass essential oil revealed that it contains citronellol, myrcene, and geranyl acetate, among others. In addition, this oil contains a high concentration of vitamin A as well as neral, nerol, geraniol, limonene, and citral. In normal conditions, lemongrass essential oil has a yellowish hue and is more watery than other essential oils. The medicinal and other properties of lemongrass are responsible for the herb's beneficial effects. The lemongrass essential oil is anti-microbial, anti-depressant, anti-pyretic (a medication that prevents or controls fever), astringent, antiseptic, deodorant, anti-bacterial, diuretic, galactagogue (a drug that increases breast milk secretion), fungicidal, sedative, nervine (any drug that helps to relieve nerve disorders), insecticidal, tonic, and stimulant. This oil's therapeutic properties have made it popular among both herbal medicine practitioners and the general public, who use it extensively to treat a variety of conditions. There are numerous applications for lemongrass essential oil, a few of which will be discussed below.


As a result of its ability to alleviate aches and inflammation, lemongrass essential oil is frequently used as a massage oil to alleviate aching muscles and joints. This oil is used to alleviate headaches caused by viral infections. Additionally, it provides relief from toothaches.


The immune system is strengthened by lemongrass essential oil, enabling the body to combat harmful microbes. It acts by inhibiting their internal and external expansion. This oil is said to inhibit bacterial contagions, including urinary tract infections and stomach, colon, and respiratory infections. In addition, the anti-fungal properties of lemongrass essential oil make it an effective treatment for both internal and external fungal infections.


When used for this purpose, lemongrass essential oil's antidepressant properties aid in the recovery of mental strength and self-esteem or confidence. This essential oil is widely employed in the treatment of nervous anxiety and severe cases of depression. In addition, it is employed as a stimulant to strengthen the nerves and make them more active. This is especially true in cases of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's. Lemongrass essential oil has the potential to treat additional nervous disorders, such as vertigo, convulsions, and hand or limb trembling.


As a result of its antiseptic properties, lemongrass essential oil is a key component in many antiseptic creams intended for external use. It has also been discovered that tea made from lemongrass is effective for treating internal wounds. In addition, it has been demonstrated that lemongrass essential oil is effective in reducing fever temperatures; hence, it is also known as fever grass. The astringent nature of lemongrass essential oil aids in stopping bleeding from open wounds. This oil functions by promoting the formation of blood clots.


The diuretic property of lemongrass essential oil stimulates urination and, as a result, aids in lowering high blood pressure and removing waste and toxins from the body. The essential oil extracted from lemongrass is also galactagogue and promotes the production and secretion of breast milk. Additionally, the presence of lemongrass essential oil in the mother's breast milk helps infants fight infections and prevents them from contracting various contagious diseases.


Numerous individuals hold lemongrass essential oil in high regard due to its exceptional sedative properties. In addition, many individuals favour lemongrass essential oil for insect control due to its highly effective insecticidal properties.


The citrus-like aroma and non-acidic nature of lemongrass essential oil make it one of the most popular oils for aromatherapy. The lemony aroma of lemongrass essential oil induces a feeling of relaxation. Lemongrass oil is highly concentrated in its natural state; therefore, it should be diluted before use. High concentrations of lemongrass essential oil are likely to irritate the skin, particularly in individuals with sensitive skin.


Lemongrass essential oil has a wonderfully fresh, earthy, and lemon-like aroma, which is appreciated by many. This oil is ideal for providing relaxation and comfort to a tired body. As previously stated, lemongrass essential oil is extracted by steam distillation from the plant's dried leaves. Under normal conditions, lemongrass essential oil is in a state resembling water and is therefore quite unstable.


In India, the lemongrass plant is commonly referred to as 'choomana poolu' The plant is frequently used to refer to 'Indian Melissa oil,' which is widely employed in Ayurveda, the traditional Indian medical system. In Ayurveda, traditional physicians use lemongrass essential oil to bring down feverish patients' body temperatures. In addition, practitioners of Ayurvedic medicine use this essential oil to treat infectious diseases. It is believed that lemongrass oil is highly effective in treating various infectious diseases caused by microbes, such as bacteria and fungi. In addition to being an important component in numerous medications, lemongrass essential oil is also used to create citrus- or lemon-scented soaps and perfumes.


General properties



Combines well with


 General uses


ringworm athlete's foot


fluid retention indigestion

lack of in milk of nursing mothers

greasy skin enlarged pores scabies

insect repellent




Like other essential oils, lemongrass essential oil is extremely beneficial for the human body, but excessive use or lack of caution may result in adverse effects. Before using this oil to treat any condition, it is essential to consult a qualified aromatherapist. Intriguingly, lemongrass essential oil is occasionally used by unscrupulous individuals to impart to other oils an aroma resembling that of verbena or rose. In addition, topical application of lemongrass essential oil has frequently been reported to irritate the skin. Therefore, it is advised that pregnant women avoid using this lemongrass oil or the herb in any form.


Despite claims that lemongrass essential oil is non-toxic and safe for use, it has the potential to sensitise the skin of those with sensitive or damaged skin. This oil is also dangerous for allergy-prone individuals, who should therefore avoid using it. This is also the primary reason why people should use lemongrass essential oil with caution. In addition, this oil should not be applied to the skin of young children, whose skin is typically extremely sensitive.

At Elma Skin Care, we believe in the power of nature to heal and beautify the skin. Our values are rooted in the use of natural ingredients, cruelty-free practices, and a commitment to high quality. We are dedicated to incorporating the latest innovative techniques, while also drawing upon the traditional wisdom of herbs and plants to create simple and effective skincare products. We strive to provide our customers with a holistic and nurturing experience, enhancing both the health and appearance of their skin.

ESC Ethics

Are ESC products vegan?

At Elma Skin Care, we believe in using natural ingredients to enhance the beauty and health of the skin. Although our products contain lanolin, a substance derived from sheep wool, we ensure that it is obtained from sheep without causing any harm. We are committed to cruelty-free practices and only source lanolin from lanolin glands that have been removed from the animals in a humane manner. We strive to provide our customers with high-quality and innovative skincare products, incorporating the best of both traditional and contemporary techniques. Our values center around the use of herbs and plants, combined with a commitment to simplicity, to create a holistic and nurturing skincare experience.

Are ESC products cruelty-free?

At Elma Skin Care, we are confident in the quality and ethical standards of our products. We are proud to be a cruelty-free brand and firmly believe in never conducting animal testing. Our use of lanolin, derived from the wool of healthy and well-cared for sheep, reflects our commitment to animal welfare. We are dedicated to creating high-quality skincare products that not only benefit our customers, but also promote ethical and responsible practices. Our values center around the use of natural ingredients and a commitment to innovation, combined with a focus on simplicity and effectiveness.

Are ESC packagings recyclable?

At Elma Skin Care, we are committed to sustainability and protecting the environment. We use recycled paper and glass in our products and prioritize the use of environmentally-friendly materials.

As an eco-tip, we encourage our customers to recycle and reuse our jars and bottles instead of discarding them.

For those looking for an eco-friendly solution to travel, we suggest reusing your empty Elma cosmetic containers by filling them with your favorite beauty products for a hassle-free and environmentally conscious trip.

Products FAQ's

Where are ESC products made?

At Elma Skin Care, we are dedicated to crafting products with passion and quality in mind. Our products are made in a small laboratory and factory located in Canada, where we prioritize the personal touch of a "homemade" experience. We believe that even the simplest things, like a cup of tea, have a special taste when made at home, and this philosophy extends to our skincare products. By combining a focus on quality over quantity, we aim to provide our customers with the best possible experience.

Are ESC products made with natural ingredients?

At Elma Skin Care, we are committed to providing our customers with natural and safe skincare products. Our line of skincare products is made with the best ingredients, free of artificial preservatives, steroids, antibiotics, and other harmful chemicals. We believe in using only natural ingredients to ensure that our customers have peace of mind when it comes to the products they use on their skin. Join us in our mission to revolutionize skincare and make a commitment to natural and safe products with Elma Skin Care.

What do locally sourced ingredients mean?

Ingredients sourced locally are obtained from nearby farmers or producers of fresh produce. These ingredients come from farms or growers that are located in close proximity to your location. By sourcing ingredients locally, we ensure that they are fresh, of high quality, and produced in an environmentally responsible manner.

Are ESC products fragrance free?

At Elma Skin Care, we avoid the use of artificial fragrances and instead, allow the natural scent of the herbs and ingredients used in our products to shine through. This means that when you use our products, you'll experience the true, natural fragrance of the ingredients we've carefully selected to enhance your skin's health and beauty.

Are ESC products organic?

At Elma Skin Care, we prioritize the use of natural and locally sourced ingredients in our products. Our ingredients are sourced from sources that are healthy, ethical, and minimize human interference. While not certified organic, our commitment to using only natural ingredients ensures the safety and quality of our products for our customers.

Do ESC products contain preservatives?

At Elma Skin Care, we are dedicated to using only the safest and purest natural ingredients in our products. Our commitment to natural ingredients means that our products are free from synthetic preservatives, steroids, and parabens, ensuring that what you put on your skin is not only effective, but also safe for your health. We believe in the power of nature and are proud to offer products that are free from harmful chemicals.

Can ESC products be used during pregnancy?

At Elma Skin Care, we understand that the safety of expectant and nursing mothers is of the utmost importance. That's why we always recommend consulting with a midwife or physician before using any cosmetic products. As a natural skin care line, we take pride in using only the highest quality ingredients and avoiding any harmful chemicals or artificial preservatives. Our products are made with care and love, and we are confident that they are safe for use during pregnancy.

Why does my product look different?

At Elma Skin Care, we are dedicated to using only the highest quality, 100% natural ingredients in our products. We source these ingredients directly from nature, ensuring their purity and potency. As a result, each of our products may vary slightly due to the unique properties of the natural ingredients used. However, this variation only adds to the authenticity and effectiveness of our products, as each ingredient works in harmony with the others to provide the best possible results for your skin.

Is it recommended to perform a patch test before using a product?

It is recommended to perform a patch test before using any new cosmetic product, including Elma Skin Care products, to ensure that you do not have any adverse reactions to the ingredients. This involves applying a small amount of the product to a discreet area of skin, such as the inside of your wrist or behind your ear, and monitoring for any redness, itching, or other signs of irritation for 24-48 hours. If there is any reaction, discontinue use and consult a dermatologist if necessary.

How should I store my ESC products?

To ensure the longevity and effectiveness of your product, store it in a cool and dry location and avoid exposure to direct sunlight.

What should I do if I experience a reaction to an ESC cosmetic product?

At Elma, we prioritize the safety and well-being of our customers. Our skin care line is crafted with only natural ingredients and free from harmful chemicals like synthetic preservatives, steroids, or parabens. Our goal is to offer not only effective but also safe solutions for all your skin care needs. In case of any adverse reaction such as a rash or irritation, kindly discontinue using the product promptly.

What is lanolin?

The use of lanolin in beauty care dates back many years, and is especially favored for its skin benefits. Derived from the sebaceous glands of sheep, lanolin is a natural wax that protects the animals from the elements. The extraction of lanolin from raw wool is done through a soap solution or hot water kneading process, followed by isolation through centrifuging, bleaching, deodorizing, and drying.

Lanolin is highly valued for its moisturizing properties and ability to hydrate not only the skin, but also nails and hair. It helps to retain moisture and serves as a lubricant, making the skin smoother and softer.

At Elma Skin Care, we use lanolin as the foundation of all of our products. We ensure that the lanolin used is ethically sourced from sheep wool that has been shorn without causing harm to the animal.