Hamamelis virginiana

Twisted shrub or tiny tree, witch hazel. It's a perennial that loses leaves periodically. Witch hazel's 15-foot-tall bark is grey and brownish. The shrub or tree has leaf-base buds. Witch hazel blooms from September to November with yellowish strap-like petals when the leaves fall. Witch hazel leaves are asymmetrical and contain small tooth-like protrusions.



Witch hazel flowers in the fall after its seeds have developed. Witch hazel capsules open when the blossoms appear. Witch hazel seed capsules can throw seeds 20 feet when they burst. Due to its delayed blooming and dramatic seed capsule rupture, witch hazel is also called winter bloom and snapping hazel.

Witch hazel tinctures are accessible at most drugstores. The tincture is safe, affordable, and reliable. Witch hazel tincture helps treat skin irritation, sunburn, insect bites and stings, bruises, scrapes, poison ivy/oak, diaper rash, eczema, and bedsores. Apply witch hazel tincture externally by soaking a cotton ball in the liquid and applying it on the afflicted region, or by spraying it on using a spray bottle.



Witch hazel tea or gargle can treat several diseases. Mix half a teaspoon of leaves and bark with one pint of boiling water to make witch hazel tea. After mixing, let the herb's qualities steep in the boiling water for 45 minutes. Gargle witch hazel tea for sore throat relief or drink two glasses to treat diarrhoea. As a vaginal douche, the tea heals vaginitis (cleansing the vagina by flushing fluids).

Native Americans used witch hazel as a salve to relieve the swelling and discomfort of early settlers. Later, people used witch hazel's astringent qualities to treat diarrhoea and haemorrhoids. Herbalists created a new witch hazel concoction in the mid-19th century. The novel treatment was made by distilling the herb's dormant branches with alcohol to produce hamamelis water, distilled witch hazel extract, or 'witch hazel' The skin-healing product is still widely sold.



Witch hazel contains tannin. Witch hazel leaves contain 8% tannin, while tree bark has 1-3%. Witch hazel tannin contains hamamelitannnin and other proanthocyanidins, according to study. The witch hazel plant's hamamelitannnin proportion varies by section. Witch hazel bark is 31 times higher in hamamelitannin than its leaf extract. Plant includes flavonoid stains or pigments. Tannins in witch hazel are responsible for its astringent effects and therapeutic benefits.

Researchers separated hamamelitannin and proanthocyanidins from witch hazel to study their anti-inflammatory effects. During tests, several proanthocyanidins slowed the inflammatory intermediates from arachidonic acid and held back platelet activation. Witch hazel's anti-inflammatory properties may potentially be due to its antioxidant activity against superoxides released by enzymes during inflammation. In an allergic and genetic acute eczema study, a tannin-free witch hazel cream equaled 0.5% hydrocortisone. The study indicated that witch hazel cream was as effective as hydrocortisone cream in treating atopic eczema.



In Europe, varicose veins are treated with an alcoholic witch hazel extract (abnormally swollen or knotty veins). Injecting the medicine into rabbits causes vein constriction, according to medical tests. Researchers haven't identified the components of this alcoholic witch hazel extract that constricts veins. Researchers have shown that an alcoholic extract from witch hazel leaves is more effective than a liquid extract from other sections of the herb. Anyone drinking witch hazel bark extract tea from local health stores shouldn't expect much vein constriction.

Witch hazel leaves and barks offer antiphlogistic, hemostyptic, and astringent qualities that help cure skin injuries, varicose veins, and haemorrhoids. The alcoholic extracts from witch hazel leaves and barks used in European products are distinct from the tannin-free concentration in American drugstores.



Witch hazel has long been used to treat blisters, burns, skin inflammation, and bleeding. Due to high tannin levels, the witch hazel tree has astringent characteristics that inhibit external and internal bleeding. Witch hazel's astringent nature shrinks tissues and stops bleeding. Witch hazel has been used for centuries to reduce lung, stomach, uterine, and intestine haemorrhages. Witch hazel can treat heavy menstruation and uterine blood clots. The herb relieves menstrual fullness, heaviness, and unease.

Decoctions or tinctures of distilled witch hazel can cure cuts and wounds. Witch hazel decoctions or tinctures can be used to treat bleeding gums and piles. Tannins in witch hazel speed healing, reduce pain, and inflammation, and prevent exposed wounds from infection. Witch hazel also treats diarrhoea, dysentery, mucous colitis, and catarrh (inflammation of the mucous membranes with a free discharge). Herbalists use it to strengthen uterine muscles after miscarriage or childbirth or to treat uterine prolapse.

Varicose veins and phlebitis can be treated with witch hazel cream or ointment. The therapy relieves haemorrhoid irritation and heals varicose ulcers. A pad soaked in witch hazel tincture helps relieve burns, swelling or irritated skin problems, engorged breasts, bed sores, bruises, sprains, and strains. Witch hazel liniment soothes insect bites and stings and sore muscles. Witch hazel lotion can be used as a skin toner to tighten tissues and shrink blood vessels. Witch hazel and rose water make a refreshing eye bath. Witch hazel lotion, decoction, or tincture can be used as a douche for vaginal discharge and irritation. Gargle them to treat sore throats and contagions.



Witch hazel has many medicinal uses, but is usually used externally. The tree contains drying and astringent tannins (an aspirin-like, tea-like quality that causes a dry, puckering sensation in the mouth). These tannins tighten skin proteins and areas with scratches or abrasions. Tannins form a protective coating over wounds, which reduces inflammation and helps repair broken skin. Witch hazel heals damaged blood arteries beneath the skin, according to studies. Scientists say witch hazel's flavonoids and tannins may be responsible for this impact. Even after decontamination, witch hazel extract retains its astringency, suggesting it includes other astringent chemicals besides tannins.

Witch hazel is effective for treating puffy, delicate skin conditions like eczema. It's used to protect areas where the skin hasn't been significantly damaged and to prevent infection. The herb heals facial veins, varicose veins, and haemorrhoids. Witch hazel heals bruises well. Due to its astringent characteristics, witch hazel helps constrict enlarged or inflated veins.

Witch hazel creams can be used to treat cysts and tumours. Witch hazel helps puffy and itchy eyes. Witch hazel helps heal diarrhoea when ingested. This is done by tautening the intestinal mucus and halting intestinal haemorrhage. Witch hazel extracts in facial lotions help repair wrinkles.

At Elma Skin Care, we believe in the power of nature to heal and beautify the skin. Our values are rooted in the use of natural ingredients, cruelty-free practices, and a commitment to high quality. We are dedicated to incorporating the latest innovative techniques, while also drawing upon the traditional wisdom of herbs and plants to create simple and effective skincare products. We strive to provide our customers with a holistic and nurturing experience, enhancing both the health and appearance of their skin.

ESC Ethics

Are ESC products vegan?

At Elma Skin Care, we believe in using natural ingredients to enhance the beauty and health of the skin. Although our products contain lanolin, a substance derived from sheep wool, we ensure that it is obtained from sheep without causing any harm. We are committed to cruelty-free practices and only source lanolin from lanolin glands that have been removed from the animals in a humane manner. We strive to provide our customers with high-quality and innovative skincare products, incorporating the best of both traditional and contemporary techniques. Our values center around the use of herbs and plants, combined with a commitment to simplicity, to create a holistic and nurturing skincare experience.

Are ESC products cruelty-free?

At Elma Skin Care, we are confident in the quality and ethical standards of our products. We are proud to be a cruelty-free brand and firmly believe in never conducting animal testing. Our use of lanolin, derived from the wool of healthy and well-cared for sheep, reflects our commitment to animal welfare. We are dedicated to creating high-quality skincare products that not only benefit our customers, but also promote ethical and responsible practices. Our values center around the use of natural ingredients and a commitment to innovation, combined with a focus on simplicity and effectiveness.

Are ESC packagings recyclable?

At Elma Skin Care, we are committed to sustainability and protecting the environment. We use recycled paper and glass in our products and prioritize the use of environmentally-friendly materials.

As an eco-tip, we encourage our customers to recycle and reuse our jars and bottles instead of discarding them.

For those looking for an eco-friendly solution to travel, we suggest reusing your empty Elma cosmetic containers by filling them with your favorite beauty products for a hassle-free and environmentally conscious trip.

Products FAQ's

Where are ESC products made?

At Elma Skin Care, we are dedicated to crafting products with passion and quality in mind. Our products are made in a small laboratory and factory located in Canada, where we prioritize the personal touch of a "homemade" experience. We believe that even the simplest things, like a cup of tea, have a special taste when made at home, and this philosophy extends to our skincare products. By combining a focus on quality over quantity, we aim to provide our customers with the best possible experience.

Are ESC products made with natural ingredients?

At Elma Skin Care, we are committed to providing our customers with natural and safe skincare products. Our line of skincare products is made with the best ingredients, free of artificial preservatives, steroids, antibiotics, and other harmful chemicals. We believe in using only natural ingredients to ensure that our customers have peace of mind when it comes to the products they use on their skin. Join us in our mission to revolutionize skincare and make a commitment to natural and safe products with Elma Skin Care.

What do locally sourced ingredients mean?

Ingredients sourced locally are obtained from nearby farmers or producers of fresh produce. These ingredients come from farms or growers that are located in close proximity to your location. By sourcing ingredients locally, we ensure that they are fresh, of high quality, and produced in an environmentally responsible manner.

Are ESC products fragrance free?

At Elma Skin Care, we avoid the use of artificial fragrances and instead, allow the natural scent of the herbs and ingredients used in our products to shine through. This means that when you use our products, you'll experience the true, natural fragrance of the ingredients we've carefully selected to enhance your skin's health and beauty.

Are ESC products organic?

At Elma Skin Care, we prioritize the use of natural and locally sourced ingredients in our products. Our ingredients are sourced from sources that are healthy, ethical, and minimize human interference. While not certified organic, our commitment to using only natural ingredients ensures the safety and quality of our products for our customers.

Do ESC products contain preservatives?

At Elma Skin Care, we are dedicated to using only the safest and purest natural ingredients in our products. Our commitment to natural ingredients means that our products are free from synthetic preservatives, steroids, and parabens, ensuring that what you put on your skin is not only effective, but also safe for your health. We believe in the power of nature and are proud to offer products that are free from harmful chemicals.

Can ESC products be used during pregnancy?

At Elma Skin Care, we understand that the safety of expectant and nursing mothers is of the utmost importance. That's why we always recommend consulting with a midwife or physician before using any cosmetic products. As a natural skin care line, we take pride in using only the highest quality ingredients and avoiding any harmful chemicals or artificial preservatives. Our products are made with care and love, and we are confident that they are safe for use during pregnancy.

Why does my product look different?

At Elma Skin Care, we are dedicated to using only the highest quality, 100% natural ingredients in our products. We source these ingredients directly from nature, ensuring their purity and potency. As a result, each of our products may vary slightly due to the unique properties of the natural ingredients used. However, this variation only adds to the authenticity and effectiveness of our products, as each ingredient works in harmony with the others to provide the best possible results for your skin.

Is it recommended to perform a patch test before using a product?

It is recommended to perform a patch test before using any new cosmetic product, including Elma Skin Care products, to ensure that you do not have any adverse reactions to the ingredients. This involves applying a small amount of the product to a discreet area of skin, such as the inside of your wrist or behind your ear, and monitoring for any redness, itching, or other signs of irritation for 24-48 hours. If there is any reaction, discontinue use and consult a dermatologist if necessary.

How should I store my ESC products?

To ensure the longevity and effectiveness of your product, store it in a cool and dry location and avoid exposure to direct sunlight.

What should I do if I experience a reaction to an ESC cosmetic product?

At Elma, we prioritize the safety and well-being of our customers. Our skin care line is crafted with only natural ingredients and free from harmful chemicals like synthetic preservatives, steroids, or parabens. Our goal is to offer not only effective but also safe solutions for all your skin care needs. In case of any adverse reaction such as a rash or irritation, kindly discontinue using the product promptly.

What is lanolin?

The use of lanolin in beauty care dates back many years, and is especially favored for its skin benefits. Derived from the sebaceous glands of sheep, lanolin is a natural wax that protects the animals from the elements. The extraction of lanolin from raw wool is done through a soap solution or hot water kneading process, followed by isolation through centrifuging, bleaching, deodorizing, and drying.

Lanolin is highly valued for its moisturizing properties and ability to hydrate not only the skin, but also nails and hair. It helps to retain moisture and serves as a lubricant, making the skin smoother and softer.

At Elma Skin Care, we use lanolin as the foundation of all of our products. We ensure that the lanolin used is ethically sourced from sheep wool that has been shorn without causing harm to the animal.