Citrus bergamia


Bergamot essential oil, extracted from the fruit's peel or rind, is a brilliantly stimulating and revitalising oil. Bergamot (Citrus bergamia) is a member of the orange family and got its name from Bergomont in northern Italy, where it was first cultivated. Currently, the tree is also cultivated in a number of African regions. The leaves of the bergamot tree are used to make Earl Grey tea, while the oil extracted from the bergamot fruit is highly prized for its therapeutic properties and enticing aroma.

The essential oil extracted from the fruit peel of the bergamot has the ability to both calm and stimulate the nervous system. As this essential oil possesses vivacious, uplifting, and invigorating properties, it is recommended for depressed or restless individuals. When a person is experiencing nervous anxiety or stress, simply smelling the oil can do wonders for his or her confidence. This essential oil's uplifting or energising properties help to grieve people become more open and optimistic. This oil has a healing effect on such individuals, as it induces joy and affection. This essential oil promotes independence, valour, and intelligence. This oil is extremely beneficial for women because it regulates their menstrual cycle and alleviates premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Additionally, bergamot essential oil alleviates menopausal symptoms. Additionally, bergamot essential oil aids in reducing body temperature during fevers and is used to treat urinary tract infections. While recovering from any illness, this essential oil has the ability to soothe the digestive and respiratory systems, thereby stimulating appetite and facilitating a speedy return to good health.






Another advantage of bergamot essential oil is its effectiveness in treating motion sickness. This oil's nourishing qualities are exceptional for treating skin disorders, especially acne and cold sores. In addition to being an effective disinfectant, this oil is an excellent option for deodorising any room. This essential oil blends well with virtually all other oils and is widely employed in the perfume industry.






As previously stated, bergamot derives its name from the Italian city of Bergomont in the province of Lombardy. This fruit was first cultivated in the 18th century in this Italian city. Currently, bergamot is also cultivated commercially in Ivory Coast. The bergamot plant is a small tree that produces soft, oval-shaped leaves and small, roundish fruits. In fact, the bergamot plant is grown solely for the essential oil contained within the fruit peel. The entire bergamot plant, which typically reaches a height of 14 feet, emits an aroma reminiscent of citrus, especially the orange bergamot tree. The essential oil's aroma is suitable for use in the production of air fresheners, deodorisers, and other perfumed products. The bergamot essential oil is extracted from the peel of nearly mature fruits. Additionally, the bergamot tree's flowers can be consumed.






Citrus Bergamia or the essential oil extracted from the peel of bergamot fruits possesses various curative properties and is used to treat a variety of conditions, such as boils, acne, cold sores, sore throats, greasy complexion, insect bites, mouth infections, flatulence, colds, flu, fever, loss of appetite, nervousness, depression, and related medical conditions. A successful treatment for nausea, coughs, colds and sore throats is an infusion. This essential oil is also an effective insect repellent, and traditionally, herbal medicine practitioners have employed a tea made from the leaf of the bergamot tree to expel gas from the body and expel worms.






Bergamot essential oil has an aroma that is clean, sweet, and reminiscent of citrus, which many people recognise as the essence of Earl Grey tea. Bergamot essential oil has a stimulating and calming effect and is excellent for fostering poise and self-assurance. Moreover, this essential oil is effective for mood enhancement. Additionally, bergamot essential oil has historically been used to treat oily and problematic skin.






The essential oil extracted from bergamot fruit peel is highly valued by perfume manufacturers due to its ability to easily blend with a wide variety of aromas to create a variety of harmonious fragrances. Bergamot essential oil is a key component in approximately one-third of all men's perfumes and approximately half of all women's perfumes, according to a conservative estimate. In fact, bergamot was included in the 17th-century German formulation of the first Eau de Cologne. Notably, the renowned "Eau de toilette" perfume was initially created by scooping out the pulp of bergamot fruit and compressing its peel into sponges.






The essential oil extracted from bergamot fruit peel is delicate and uplifting. This oil's aroma is among the most enticing scents that have the potential to treat various medical conditions. This essential oil has a greenish-yellow hue and an aroma that is fresh, sweetish-sour, citrus-like, and has a hint of balsamic tanginess.






Cold press is the method by which bergamot essential oil is extracted from the peel of the orange-like fruit with astringent properties. The bergamot trees bear tiny orange-like fruits that resemble tiny oranges. Although the tree is native to the tropical climates of Asia, it is now extensively cultivated for its essential oil throughout Italy.



The bergamot fruit, specifically the essential oil extracted from its peel, possesses numerous medicinal properties. In addition to enhancing the health of the pancreas and liver, a number of studies have demonstrated that bergamot essential oil has anti-microbial properties, particularly in the respiratory system or bronchitis. In addition to aiding digestion, this essential oil may also be effective in treating high blood pressure or hypertension. Bergamot essential oil is also a natural and effective toner and detoxifier for the skin. Using this essential oil prevents premature ageing of the skin and is likely beneficial for individuals with oily skin and acne. However, bergamot essential oil is also phototoxic; therefore, caution must be exercised when applying it topically to skin areas that will not be significantly exposed to sunlight within 72 hours. In addition, it is known that the use of bergamot essential oil has a mildly irritating effect on the skin. However, this side effect can be avoided, and the oil can be used to its fullest potential if it is diluted to 3% or less before application. This is accomplished by combining bergamot essential oil with a carrier oil prior to topical application.



General properties

  • antiseptic
  • antiviral
  • antispasmodic
  • anticancer
  • anti-inflammatory
  • analgesic
  • sedative
  • cooling
  • relaxing
  • uplifting
Combines well with
  • eucalyptus\geranium 
  • juniper
  • jasmine\lavender\lemon
  • patchouli chamomile ylang-ylang




General uses

  • asthma
  • sore throat cystitis fear and sorrow
  • herpes\sulcers
  • urinary tract infections candida psoriasis
  • oily and pore-wide
  • acne
  • anorexia boils and carbuncles
  • eczema\sflatulence
  • gall bladder indigestion
  • vaginal itching
  • loss of appetite




Although bergamot essential oil is therapeutically beneficial, it is important to use this valuable herb with caution. Remember that this oil should never be applied to the skin in high concentrations, as it may cause irritation. Before it can be applied topically to the affected skin areas, it must be diluted to a concentration of three percent or less by blending it with a carrier oil that is compatible with it. Additionally, avoid exposing the oil-treated areas to sunlight for at least 72 hours, as doing so may cause hyperpigmentation and other skin defects.

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