The Pogostemon patchouli plant


Patchouli is also known as patchouly and is a member of the Pogostemon genus. This species is a bush-like herb belonging to the mint family with stems that reach a maximum height of two to three feet. The patchouli plant is native to numerous regions in Asia and bears delicate pinkish-white flowers. For its aromatic essential oil, the herb is cultivated extensively in the tropical regions of the continent, including India, China, Indonesia, Thailand, Mauritius, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Vietnam. It also grows in certain regions of West Africa. This aromatic herb's name is derived from the Tamil words 'patchai' for green and 'ellai' for leaf.

This aromatic herb thrives in climates ranging from warm to tropical. Patchouli prefers warm weather, but cannot tolerate direct sunlight. If the plant dries up due to a lack of water, it has the ability to recover quickly after being watered. Patchouli plants bear highly fragrant flowers that bloom in late autumn. This herb's highly aromatic leaves are steam-distilled to produce its essential oil. Patchouli essential oil is known to elicit a strong reaction in anyone who smells it, with some individuals finding its aroma pleasant and others abhor it. This herb is believed to have originated in India and Malaysia, but it is now cultivated in several tropical climatic regions of the world, including Indonesia, the West Indies, China, and Paraguay, for the aromatic essential oil the plants produce. 


This herb's essential oil is believed by many to be an aphrodisiac, as it has a strong, fundamental aroma that lingers. The oil is extracted by steam distilling the leaves. This oil can be used for massages or combined with other natural oils for skin care. In fact, a very small amount of this oil is sufficient for both of these uses in addition to creating a charming aroma. It is said that this natural oil possesses a number of therapeutic properties. It has antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, and antidepressant properties. Small doses of patchouli essential oil have a sedative effect, but large doses have the opposite effect. In large quantities, this oil acts as a stimulant.


Patchouli essential oil is renowned for its skin-beneficial properties. This natural oil promotes skin cell rejuvenation and is especially useful for treating mature or aged skin, cracked skin, dandruff, acne, eczema, and other skin conditions. This oil is commonly combined with other essential oils, such as frankincense essential oil and sandalwood essential oil, in order to facilitate meditation and introspection. Patchouli essential oil concentrate is widely used by perfume manufacturers as an additive in the creation of fragrances. This oil is especially beneficial for those suffering from nervous anxiety and depression, as it helps to bring about positive thoughts and lift spirits. It is an authentic nourishing oil in this regard.


Patchouli essential oil is rumoured to be both profound and delicate. This natural oil's aroma lingers long after the aromas of other essential oils have dissipated. Due to the excellent base note of patchouli essential oil, perfume manufacturers use it as a fixative. Even when this oil is used sparingly in perfumes, its scent lingers for an extended period. Patchouli essential oil is the most misused essential oil in terms of excessive use. Although only a small amount of this essential oil is required to create a long-lasting, charismatic, personal fragrance, massage oil, or skin care blend, people have a tendency to use it excessively, resulting in its gross misuse.


The original aroma of the essential oil extracted by steam distillation from the scented leaves of the patchouli plant makes it a key component in numerous well-liked and favoured personal perfumes. Patchouli essential oil is commonly used as a fixative in the perfume industry to slow the rate of evaporation of volatile or unstable oils present in perfumes. Consequently, using this essential oil as a fixative aids in preserving the fragrance or aroma of perfumes for an extended time. As mentioned previously, the scent of perfumes containing patchouli essential oil typically lasts longer than that of perfumes containing other aromatic essential oils.


In addition to its extensive use in the perfumery industry, patchouli essential oil is also beneficial for the skin and hair; as a result, it is an important component in a variety of skincare and hair care products on the market. Mixing a few drops of this essential oil with your face cream and applying the mixture to the skin softens the skin's texture. In addition, you can add a few drops of this oil to your regular shampoo to maintain your hair's lustre, thickness, and flexibility. In addition, the essential oil extracted from patchouli leaves by steam distillation is used as a preservative in blended tobacco and as a base aroma in wax candles.


The antidepressant property of patchouli essential oil is regarded as one of its most important therapeutic properties. As an effective antidepressant, this natural oil enables people to overcome depression and melancholy, as well as boost their spirits and inspire positive thoughts. The application of this essential oil induces happiness and serenity in depressed individuals. Therefore, it is said that this oil is an excellent remedy for stress and mood swings. It is soothing and relaxing, and it helps to calm the mind and body after exhaustion. 

Patchouli essential oil has the ability to treat and prevent a variety of medical conditions. Through inhalation, vaporisation, bathing, massage, and spray, it is widely employed in aromatherapy. You may find the following discussion of the condition-specific applications of this essential oil to be interesting and/or helpful. 

The essential oil extracted from the leaves of the patchouli plant is a potent anti-inflammatory agent and, as a result, is beneficial for fever-stricken individuals. In addition to reducing inflammation caused by fevers, it prevents ulcers and wounds from becoming infected. This property of the oil prevents wounds and ulcers from becoming infected.

It is believed that patchouli essential oil contains aphrodisiac properties that stimulate sexual desire. Consequently, this oil is frequently recommended for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED), impotence, and loss of interest in sexual activities, as well as other issues associated with these disorders.

Patchouli essential oil also possesses diuretic properties and promotes urination to help the body eliminate excess water retention. Not only does the use of this essential oil increase the volume of urine output, but it also causes frequent urination. This oil's diuretic property also aids the body in eliminating toxins, wastes, and excess weight, lowering blood cholesterol levels, and, most importantly, lowering blood pressure.


In addition to being a mild sedative, patchouli essential oil is effective at reducing the severity of epileptic attacks. In addition, the sedative properties of this essential oil are useful for treating coughs and reducing convulsions or spasms. Patchouli essential oil is also an effective anti-allergy treatment, as it reduces the body's hypersensitivity to allergen-triggering substances.


In addition to the attributes previously mentioned, patchouli essential oil also possesses tonic properties. Regular consumption of this natural oil in measured doses can help maintain the health of the liver, stomach, and intestines, thereby enhancing the body's metabolism. Additionally, consuming this oil helps to regulate the excretory system and strengthen the immune system. However, this essential oil should only be taken orally after consulting a qualified and competent medical professional.

Patchouli essential oil is an effective stress reliever that also soothes and relaxes the mind and body when they are exhausted. A good massage with this essential oil helps to loosen tense muscles, combat fatigue, relieve mental tension and stress, and invigorate both the body and mind. In fact, patchouli body oils are quite fashionable, and as a result, they are now available from a variety of manufacturers.

General properties 

  • anti-inflammatory
  • antiseptic
  • antiviral
  • fungicidal
  • relaxing
  • rejuvenating
  • stimulating
  • uplifting 

Combines well with

  • bergamot
  • clary sage
  • frankincense
  • geranium
  • lavender
  • rose
  • rosewood
  • sandalwood 







General uses

  • acne
  • ageing skin
  • allergies
  • anorexia
  • anxiety
  • apathy
  • athlete's foot skin deterioration
  • dermatitis
  • eczema
  • coldness 
  • fungal infections.
  • impetigo
  • impotence
  • indecisiveness
  • wounds and sores 





Patchouli essential oil, which is widely utilised in the perfumery industry, is frequently sold with impurities. Frequently, a completely different oil is passed off as the essential oil extracted from cubeb, a different herb grown in tropical climates. Even cedar oil is disguised as essential patchouli oil. Therefore, caution is required when purchasing patchouli essential oil.

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